History of medicine in Iran
Iran is one of the oldest and most effective medical schools in the world
History of medicine in Iran
undoubtedly, medical science has been around for several thousand years in Iran. Iran, along with China, India, Egypt, Greece and Rome, owns one of the oldest and most effective medical schools in the world. Greek Hippocratic has said that he has taken some of his medical knowledge from ancient Iranian physicians. The image is below the skull of a 13-year-old girl who had undergone brain surgery about 4,800 years ago in a burnt city in Sistan. Symptoms of bone repair indicate survival and successful action
In books and documents of Ancient Iran, a medical name called Trita Treata is mentioned, which is the first medicine that has undergone surgery in Iranian history more than five thousand years ago and has established the oldest medical school in Iran [and maybe the world]. As the researchers believe, the word English Treatment also comes from the name of Treata, the Iranian Aryan doctor. Among other ancient Iranian physicians who have gained world renown, Zakaria Razi and Abu Ali Sinah have been mentioned. According to researchers, the two were the largest physicians and Muslim scholars of their time.
Mohammad Zakaria Razi (243-304 Hijri Shamsi). He was also an outstanding philosopher and chemist. For example, he considers the discoverer of alcohol and sulfuric acid. A list of over 271 books and articles on medicine, philosophy, chemistry, mathematics, and so on remains in his works.
Abu Ali Sina or Avicenna Avicenna (359 to 416 Hijri Shamsi). In addition to medicine, Abu Ali Sinai is known as the great philosopher, scientist and poet of the Muslim world. Many consider him the most famous scientist in Iranian history and one of the top 10 world-class philosophers. He has written 450 books in various fields, especially medicine and philosophy. The Book of Sina's Law is one of the most famous ancient medical books in the world. From the twelfth to sixteenth centuries, his book of law was taught as one of the best sources of medical science in Europe.
Modern medicine in Iran was established in 1230 Hijri Shams at the Medical Education Center as part of the Dar Al-Fonoun School. Teachers from Austria and Italy trained the first modern Iranian doctors. Nowadays, more than one and a half centuries since the beginning of modern medicine education in Iran, 34 medical universities all over the country are training Iranian doctors.
In modern medicine, prominent Iranian doctors around the world are practicing medicine. Among them, Professor Majid Samiy (holder of the title of the world's leading brain surgeon in 2014) and Professor Hossein Sadeghi (one of the world's top heart surgeons.